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What is the full form of HTML?
The full form of HTML is “HyperText Markup Language“. It is the standard markup language for creating Web pages. It is written in the form of HTML elements. Hyperlink refers to a series of connections in a page to other pages. Markup language means tags are used to define the page layout and elements within the page. Elements tell the browser how to display the content. HyperText Markup Language (HTML) elements label pieces of content such as “this is a heading”, “this is a paragraph”, “this is a link”, etc.
Example of HTML document
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>Write your page title</title> </head> <body> <h1>Write your first heading</h1> <p>Write your first paragraph.</p> </body> </html>
<!DOCTYPE html>declaration defines that this document is an HTML5 document.
<html>element is the root element of an HTML page.
<head>element contains meta information about the HTML page.
<title>element specifies a title for the HTML page (which is shown in the browser’s title bar or in the page’s tab)
<body>element defines the document’s body, and is a container for all the visible contents, such as headings, paragraphs, images, hyperlinks, tables, lists, etc.
<h1>element defines a large heading.
<p>element defines a paragraph.
Since the early days of WWW, there have been many versions of HTML:
|1991||Tim Berners-Lee invents HTML 1.0|
|1993||HTML 1.0 is released. Not many developers are creating websites at this time.|
|1995||HTML 2.0 is published. This contains the features of HTML 1.0 plus new features.|
This remained the standard markup language for designing and creating websites until 1997.
|1997||HTML 3.0 was invented. Here, Dave Raggett introduced a fresh draft on HTML, which improved new features of HTML and gave more powerful characteristics for webmasters in designing websites.|
|1999||W3C Recommendation: HTML 4.0. It is widely used and very successful.|
|2008||WHATWG HTML5 First Public Draft|
|2012||WHATWG HTML5 Living Standard|
|2014||HTML 5.0 is released and used worldwide. It is said to be the extended version of HTML 4.01 which was published in 2012.|
|2016||HTML 5.1 was published as a W3C Recommendation.|
|2017||HTML 5.2 was published as a W3C Recommendation.|