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DIC Full Form, Abbreviation and Causes of DIC

DIC: Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

The full form of DIC is Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation. It is a serious disorder in which the proteins that control blood clotting become overactive. Symptoms of Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC) include blood clots and bleeding, possibly from many sites in the body. This may include blood in the urine, blood in the stool, or bleeding into the skin. Complications may include organ failure.

DIC full form

Causes

When you are injured, proteins in the blood that form blood clots travel to the injury site to help stop bleeding. If these proteins become abnormally active throughout the body, you could develop DIC. It has been linked to certain medical treatments or conditions. Medical treatments that can cause DIC are:

  • Blood transfusion reactions.
  • Recent surgery or anesthesia.
  • Complications from labor and delivery.

Medical conditions that can cause Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) are:

  • Cancer, especially certain types of leukemia.
  • Pancreatitis.
  • Blood infections.
  • Liver disease.
  • Severe tissue injury including burns and head injuries.
  • Unformed blood vessels, called as hemangioma.

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